Wm Anderson McCoy Tree (MAIN Tree)

Cathrin Wife of Wm McCauleyAge: 58 years17421800

Name
Cathrin Wife of Wm McCauley
Given names
Cathrin
Surname
Wife of Wm McCauley
Also known as
Catred C'trin Catrin
Note:

The only known documentation of William McCauley's wife is from a 1787 deed in which both William and his wife are signatories. She is named in the text as what appears to be "Cathrin", and she is named again as having signed (X) under the name "Catren".

Some think that "Catren" was the "Catrin" widowed (with three children) by William Long (or Loung) in Orange County in 1764, that she had been born Katherine Johnston and that she was also a daughter of the same Charles Wilson Johnston and Martha Blackwood who were the parents of Martha, later wife of William's brother, Mathew McCauley. Among those who accepted portions of these assertions was McCauley researcher, William Burlingame, but he eventually changed his mind.

Had Catherine (or Katherine) been a Johnston and a sister of Martha, it is remarkably strange that this was not mentioned in Martha's pension petition of 1837. Also, if Catrin/Cathrin been the mother of the three children of William Long (died 1764) and a Johnston, it is unlikely that she could have been a child of Charles Wilson Johnston (born 1725) and Martha Blackwood (born 1732).

Another question that arises when considering the possibility that William McCauley might have married the widow of William Long concerns what happened to the widow Long between 1764 and such a marriage, given the fact that the earliest documentation of William McCauley in Orange County is from a 1777 deed and his sister-in-law's (Martha) assertion that he had been in Orange County before the arrival of his brother Mathew in 1775. Other family sources (of the mid-1800s) claim that William had been there for 1-2 years prior to Mathew's arrival.

A marriage between William McCauley and the widow of William Long has no supporting documentation, except for assertions made years after William's death. The idea seems mainly too be based upon the fact that both women went by some variation of "Catrin" and that William owned land bordering that of the Longs, William and George.

Birth 1742
Note:

Catherine's origins and fate are unclear. She is said to have been a Johnston who married William Long in Orange County, North Carolina, was widowed by his death there in 1764, leaving her with three minor children, and was later married to William McCauley by whom she had several more children. There is no known primary documentation for any of that. In fact, there is no significant secondary evidence either.

There is but one bit of primary evidence that a woman named Catrin/Cahtrin was the wife of William McCauley. That is a 1787 deed in which William granted title to 100 acres along the New Hope River to a Thomas Crabtree. William's wife was a signatory, named initially as Cathrin and signed (X) as Catrin.

There is a chance that discovery of the family graveyard of William McCauley, evidently located on his old plantation and for which there is documentary evidence, now overgrown and long forgotten, might throw more light on Cathrin and other family members. This line of thought seems more likely to be true than that a headstone for "C Mc" in the old cemetery at New Hope Presbyterian Church represents the wife of William McCauley Esq.

MarriageWilliam McCauleyView this family
yes

MarriageWilliam McCauleyView this family
yes

Address: Assumed to have been in Orange County, North Carolina.
Note:

Where and when this marriage occurred is unknown. There is no known documentation of it. [Early Orange County NC documents have been lost due to burying them to protect them from capture by the British and then forgetting where they were buried.]

What is known comes from the 1837 pension application of William's sister-in-law. the widowed Martha McCauley, who states "This Declarant first became acquainted with the aforesaid Mathew McCauley in the year of 1775, when the said Mathew came to New Hope in the aforesaid County and lived with his brother William McCauley, esq., who was neighbor to the Declarant's father, Charles Johnston."

Since the best evidence indicates that William had several children prior to 1775 (and probably at least 2 before 1766), it's clear that his wife Catherine and children James, Jane and John (and possibly Mary "Polly") were present with him in that year in Orange County. Also, since most trees for this family indicate arrival in North America in the 1770s, this strongly suggests that a marriage and births of the first two (or more) children occurred in Ireland.

So it is possible that Catherine was also of Ulster, married William there, came with him to America and is the mother of all of his children (and was, therefore, not the wife and widow of William Long or, probably, a Jonston). Or she may have been as described above.


There is a conjecture that this William McCauley married a Nancy Jacobs, who had previously married one Isaac Craig. This is based upon "A Historical Sketch of New Hope Church, in Orange County, N.C." written in 1891 by a Rev. Craig, who lists these marriages without providing dates for them. The abstracts of marriage bonds in Orange County NC (Holcom, Brent H. Marriages of Orange County, North Carolina, 1779-1868. Baltimore, MD, USA: Genealogical Publishing Co., 2001), does indeed show an initial marriage of Nancy Jacobs to Isaac Craig and a subsequent marriage of Nancy Craig to William McCauley. However, the first marriage occurred in December of 1838 and the second in March of 1861, both long after the death of this William McCauley.

Birth of a daughter
#1
Jane McCauley
1756 (Age 14 years)

Note:

Jane McCauley McCollum Based on records below, her birth was between 1756 and 1765 Her marriage year (1787) may suggest a year closer to 1765 than to 1756.

1820 Census Orange County NC - Aug 7 Jane McCollum > 45 Females: < 10 1 16-25 2 ≥ 45 1 (Jane: * 1775 or before) Free colored male < 14 1 (Jacob?, but he was not free, and Wm McCauley was alive)

Where was husband Henry?

1810 Census Hillsborough, Orange Co NC Henry ≥ 45 Jane ≥ 45 Males < 10 1 16-25 2 ≥ 45 (Henry) Females < 10 2 10-15 2 ≥ 45 1 (Jane: * 1765 or before)

1800 Census Hillsborough, Orange Co NC Henry 26-44 Jane 26-44 Males < 10 2 10-15 1 16-25 1 26-44 1 (Henry) Females < 10 2 26-44 1 (Jane: * 1756-1774)

Birth of a son
#2
John McCauley
about 1770 (Age 28 years)

Birth of a son
#3
James McCauley
1771 (Age 29 years)
Hillsborough, Orange, North Carolina, USA
Latitude: N36.075424 Longitude: W79.099747

Note: This birth date is probable based upon date of marriage. The 1758 date is alleged by applications to the SAR based upon faulty data. Capt. James McCauley in Marion's Brigade in SC was a James McCauley who lived there in the 1770s and 1780, not our JM.
Birth of a daughter
#4
Mary “Polly” McCauley
January 1774 (Age 32 years)
Birth of a daughter
#5
WmMc Daughter McCauley
about 1775 (Age 33 years)

Birth of a son
#6
Matthew McCauley
1776 (Age 34 years)
Birth of a daughter
#7
Catherine McCauley
1780 (Age 38 years)
Birth of a son
#8
Charles McCauley
December 28, 1780 (Age 38 years)
Property
100 ac on the New Hope
March 1, 1787 (Age 45 years)
Marriage of a childHenry McCollum Sr.Jane McCauleyView this family
November 6, 1787 (Age 45 years)
Marriage of a childJames McCauleyCatherine ChapmanView this family
January 12, 1792 (Age 50 years)
Marriage of a childJohn McCauleyJennett “Jane” BlackwoodView this family
April 12, 1798 (Age 56 years)
Marriage of a childMatthew McCauleyNancy ChapmanView this family
November 7, 1799 (Age 57 years)
Death October 27, 1800 (Age 58 years)
Address: New Hope Presbyterian Church Old Cemetery Hillsborough, Orange County, North Carolina
Note:

A burial in the Old New Hope Episcopal Church cemetery for a C Mc[Cauley] gives a date of death of 27 Oct 1800. Probably because there is also a Wm McCauley also buried there, this has been taken to be Catherine "Catred" McCauley. However, the 1800 census, taken on 4 August, does not include a female to fit Catherine.

From email of 3 October 2018 from William Burlingame:

"Katherine [Catherine] died in 1800, and her gravestone at New Hope [Presbyterian Old Cemetery] was a small piece of slate with very basic information carved on it. Her burial is attested to by several data items and is hardly remarkable." [See media item "William's Burial Site.pdf"]

Family with William McCauley - View this family
husband
herself
Marriage:
Marriage:
son
-13 years
daughter
16 years
son
James McCauley
Birth: 1771 32 29Hillsborough, Orange, North Carolina, USA
Death: between April 3, 1818 and December 31, 1818Chapel Hill, Orange, North Carolina, USA
3 years
daughter
2 years
daughter
2 years
son
5 years
daughter
1 year
son

Birth

Catherine's origins and fate are unclear. She is said to have been a Johnston who married William Long in Orange County, North Carolina, was widowed by his death there in 1764, leaving her with three minor children, and was later married to William McCauley by whom she had several more children. There is no known primary documentation for any of that. In fact, there is no significant secondary evidence either.

There is but one bit of primary evidence that a woman named Catrin/Cahtrin was the wife of William McCauley. That is a 1787 deed in which William granted title to 100 acres along the New Hope River to a Thomas Crabtree. William's wife was a signatory, named initially as Cathrin and signed (X) as Catrin.

There is a chance that discovery of the family graveyard of William McCauley, evidently located on his old plantation and for which there is documentary evidence, now overgrown and long forgotten, might throw more light on Cathrin and other family members. This line of thought seems more likely to be true than that a headstone for "C Mc" in the old cemetery at New Hope Presbyterian Church represents the wife of William McCauley Esq.

Marriage

Where and when this marriage occurred is unknown. There is no known documentation of it. [Early Orange County NC documents have been lost due to burying them to protect them from capture by the British and then forgetting where they were buried.]

What is known comes from the 1837 pension application of William's sister-in-law. the widowed Martha McCauley, who states "This Declarant first became acquainted with the aforesaid Mathew McCauley in the year of 1775, when the said Mathew came to New Hope in the aforesaid County and lived with his brother William McCauley, esq., who was neighbor to the Declarant's father, Charles Johnston."

Since the best evidence indicates that William had several children prior to 1775 (and probably at least 2 before 1766), it's clear that his wife Catherine and children James, Jane and John (and possibly Mary "Polly") were present with him in that year in Orange County. Also, since most trees for this family indicate arrival in North America in the 1770s, this strongly suggests that a marriage and births of the first two (or more) children occurred in Ireland.

So it is possible that Catherine was also of Ulster, married William there, came with him to America and is the mother of all of his children (and was, therefore, not the wife and widow of William Long or, probably, a Jonston). Or she may have been as described above.


There is a conjecture that this William McCauley married a Nancy Jacobs, who had previously married one Isaac Craig. This is based upon "A Historical Sketch of New Hope Church, in Orange County, N.C." written in 1891 by a Rev. Craig, who lists these marriages without providing dates for them. The abstracts of marriage bonds in Orange County NC (Holcom, Brent H. Marriages of Orange County, North Carolina, 1779-1868. Baltimore, MD, USA: Genealogical Publishing Co., 2001), does indeed show an initial marriage of Nancy Jacobs to Isaac Craig and a subsequent marriage of Nancy Craig to William McCauley. However, the first marriage occurred in December of 1838 and the second in March of 1861, both long after the death of this William McCauley.

Name

The only known documentation of William McCauley's wife is from a 1787 deed in which both William and his wife are signatories. She is named in the text as what appears to be "Cathrin", and she is named again as having signed (X) under the name "Catren".

Some think that "Catren" was the "Catrin" widowed (with three children) by William Long (or Loung) in Orange County in 1764, that she had been born Katherine Johnston and that she was also a daughter of the same Charles Wilson Johnston and Martha Blackwood who were the parents of Martha, later wife of William's brother, Mathew McCauley. Among those who accepted portions of these assertions was McCauley researcher, William Burlingame, but he eventually changed his mind.

Had Catherine (or Katherine) been a Johnston and a sister of Martha, it is remarkably strange that this was not mentioned in Martha's pension petition of 1837. Also, if Catrin/Cathrin been the mother of the three children of William Long (died 1764) and a Johnston, it is unlikely that she could have been a child of Charles Wilson Johnston (born 1725) and Martha Blackwood (born 1732).

Another question that arises when considering the possibility that William McCauley might have married the widow of William Long concerns what happened to the widow Long between 1764 and such a marriage, given the fact that the earliest documentation of William McCauley in Orange County is from a 1777 deed and his sister-in-law's (Martha) assertion that he had been in Orange County before the arrival of his brother Mathew in 1775. Other family sources (of the mid-1800s) claim that William had been there for 1-2 years prior to Mathew's arrival.

A marriage between William McCauley and the widow of William Long has no supporting documentation, except for assertions made years after William's death. The idea seems mainly too be based upon the fact that both women went by some variation of "Catrin" and that William owned land bordering that of the Longs, William and George.

Death

A burial in the Old New Hope Episcopal Church cemetery for a C Mc[Cauley] gives a date of death of 27 Oct 1800. Probably because there is also a Wm McCauley also buried there, this has been taken to be Catherine "Catred" McCauley. However, the 1800 census, taken on 4 August, does not include a female to fit Catherine.

From email of 3 October 2018 from William Burlingame:

"Katherine [Catherine] died in 1800, and her gravestone at New Hope [Presbyterian Old Cemetery] was a small piece of slate with very basic information carved on it. Her burial is attested to by several data items and is hardly remarkable." [See media item "William's Burial Site.pdf"]

Shared note

What do we know about William McCauley's first years in North America? Not much, despite numerous unsourced claims to the contrary.

These comments from his sister-in-law Martha's application for a pension were made in 1837:

"This Declarant first became acquainted with the aforesaid Mathew McCauley in the year of 1775, when the said Mathew came to New Hope in the aforesaid County and lived with his brother William McCauley, esq., who was neighbor to the Declarant's father, Charles Johnston...."

So, William McCauley established himself in the New Hope area of Orange County, North Carolina, prior to 1775, and his brother came to join him there in that year. William McCauley was a neighbor of Charles Johnston, father of Mathew McCauley's future wife, Martha.

This statement by Martha opens some doubt on the story of how the brothers came to North America. Did they arrive together as in the Mathew-in-a-barrel story? If so, where was Mathew while William established himself in Orange County? And, if William's wife, Catrin, was a daughter of Charles and Martha Johnston, as is widely claimed, why does Martha McCauley fail to make any reference at all to her supposed sister?